Beautiful Mountains And Peaks Of Sri Lanka
When we talk about tourist destinations in Sri Lanka, we can’t wait talk about the mountains in Sri Lanka. This mountains range is home to trees, vines, and animals as well as the basic water sources of Sri Lanka.
Although locals refer to the mountain as “Dumbara” because the mountain tops are generally always shrouded in fog, foreigners refer to it as “Knuckles” since it resembles short knuckles. The entire range has 35 peaks, with the highest peak, known as ‘Gombania,’ rising at 1906 meters. The Knuckles Mountain, which is rich in biodiversity, is found in both Matale and Kandy districts. The central highlands, which were listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010, include the mountain range as well.
The Hanthana Mountain Range
The Kandy District includes the Hanthana Mountain Region, which was recognized as an Environment Protection Area under the National Environmental Act in 2010. ‘Urakanda’ is the highest peak in the Hanthana Range, which has seven summits. As a consequence, the Hanthana mountain range reaches a maximum height of 3800 feet.
The highest peak in the country, Pidurutalagala, is located in the Nuwara Eliya district. Mount Pidurutalagala, often referred as “Pedro Mountain,” is a unique ecosystem with a height of 2524 meters that provides habitat for a diverse range of flora and wildlife. It is the location of the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation and Sri Lanka Telecom’s main transmission stations, as well as the army, air, and naval bases.
The Badulla District’s Narangala mountain is near the Haliela region. The peak of Narangala is 1376 meters high, with a barren mountain range surrounding it. The mountain’s name, ‘Narangala,’ is thought to have sprung from the mountain’s golden tint.
Namunukula is located in the Badulla District and this name means ‘composed of nine peaks’ and ‘bent mountain.’ The tallest mountain on the island, at 2036 meters, is the island’s 12th highest. According to legend, a deity named Indika, the monarch of the Namunukula area, guarded the Namunukula Range.
Kirigalpottha mountain is the country’s second-highest highest peak, rising at 2388 meters. The Horton Plains, which are located in the Nuwara Eliya District, marks the beginning of this mountain. The stony side of the mountain is thought to have got its attributed to the fact that the sun shines on it and offers a lovely view.
This mountain is close to the village of Pattipola in the Nuwara Eliya District, containing the country’s third tallest mountain. This mountain, which reaches a height of 2357 meters, is also significant as an environment that supports a diverse range of indigenous plants and animals. According to tradition, King Rawana flew Princess Sita of India on his Dadumonaraya aircraft, and it is thought that he was the first to arrive at Sri Lanka’s Thotupola mountain.
Ella Mountain Range
Situated at an altitude of 1041 m, the Ella area has become a popular destination for both local and foreign tourists, mainly due to the spectacular mountain range that stretches across the area. It can be said that small hills such as Punchi Siripadaya and Bambaragala located in the Ella area have been able to provide breathtaking views of the surrounding area which have certainly captivated the eyes of the tourists.
Also known as the “Agrabobath Hills”, Kudahagala Mountain is the fourth highest mountain in the country. Located near the Horton Plains National Park in the Nuwara Eliya District, this mountain stands at a height about 2320 meters.
Kikiliyamana Mountain is another scenic spot in the Nuwara Eliya District with a height of 2240 meters. Kikiliyamana Mountain, the 6th highest mountain in the island, is partially surrounded by the Kikiliyamana Forest Reserve. Kikiliyamana Kanda is located close to the village of Shanthipura, the village with the highest elevation in the country.
Dimbulagala Mountain is another scenic rock in the Inland Plains of Sri Lanka, located in the village of Dimbulagala in the Polonnaruwa District. Historical sources state that the Dimbulagala rock which stands at a height of 534 meters was a residence of Arahants during the Rajarata Kingdom Period. A Buddhist temple complex was built on this rock in the 12th century AD and it was renovated in the 1950s.
At 2215 meters, Mount Samanala is the third highest peak on the island, but it is much more significant as a place of worship dedicated to various religions. It is believed that the Sri Pada (Foot) inscription of Lord Gautama Buddha was formed on the top of the hill, hence the sacred name “Sri Padasthana” was assigned to the mountain. Samanala Mountain and its adjoining site, located between the districts of Ratnapura and Nuwara Eliya, was designated a sanctuary in 1940 based on it’s inherent religious and environmental significance.
Mount Ritigala, situated at an altitude of 766 m, in the interior plains beyond the central hills, is also the highest mountain in the northern part of the country. Ritigala Mountain, about 43 km distant from the historic city of Anuradhapura, is home to the remains of a 1st century BC monastery complex. Known as “Aritta Pabbata” in the Mahavamsa, the mountain is said to have been inhabited by Yaksha tribes in the distant past and is also beleived to be associated with historical events in the Ramayana.
Hakgala Mountain is located at an altitude of 2169 m and is located in a part of the Hakgala Nature Reserve in the Nuwara Eliya District. The famous Hakgala Botanical Garden is located on the northeastern slope of this mountain. Hakgala Mountain, considered to be the 8th highest mountain in the island, is also associated with the legends of the Ramayana.
Gongala Mountain is located at the border of Sabaragamuwa Province and Southern Province and is 1358 meters high. Named as ‘Gongala’ which means ‘representing the shape of a Ox’, this mountain is also the 15th highest mountain in the country. The mountain is also important as the starting point of the famous rivers, Gin and Nilwala.