9 Relogon Ancient Places In Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, the pearl of the Indian Ocean on the seaSilk Road, has been invaded by various invaders in the past, English, Portuguese, Dutch, South Indian, and hence Sri Lanka is home to many cultural and religious sites since ancient ruins. From historical temples to amazing churches, you can find many places of worship all over Sri Lanka.
Therefore, the ancient ruins and ancient buildings became popular tourist destinations for travelers. The Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, and Sigiriya cultures are triangular and home to many ancient ruins in Sri Lanka. A tour of Sri Lanka would not be complete without starting these historic sites. So today we are going to talk about 9 Religion Ancient Places In Sri Lanka. that you should visit.
Abhayagiri Vihara was constructed during the reign of King Valagamba in the 1st century BC with a height of 74.98m. This is the second tallest stupa in Anuradhapura. The Abhayagiri Vihara is a major monastery of Mahayana, Theravada, and Vajrayana Buddhism. According to the Buddhist buildings that can be seen in the Abhayagiri area, it is possible that the complex at that time was functioning not only locally but also .internationally as an important spiritual center.
Dagaba Kiri Vihara
Kiri Viharaya is located in Polonnaruwa, which is a medieval UNESCO World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka. A dagoba is a mound where the relics of a revered person are stored, and the Kiri Vihara is thought to be devoted to Subhadra, King Parakramabahu’s queen between 1153-1186.
The Kiri Vihara, like the other dagobas, is a spherical construction that may have been dark white in color. This stupa is currently the second-largest largest in Polonnaruwa. It is also the only stupa that has survived 900 years of natural forces but is still in its original state.
Temple of Golden Rock Cave
This temple structure was built in the year BC. Sri Lanka’s Dambulla Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in the country’s central zone. It dates from the first century. It features five caves hidden beneath a big rock, each with a dotted line etched into the interior to keep it dry. Arched colonnades and gable openings were added to the architecture in 1938. Inside the cave, the roof is designed with elaborate patterns of religious motifs that follow the curves of the rock. Images of the Supreme Buddha and the Bodhisattvas, as well as different deities, can be found.
Hindu Kovil Of Nallur Kandaswamy
On the Jaffna Point Pedro road, this kovil is fairly close to Jaffna town. The religious and cultural significance of the Nallur Hindu kovil sets it apart from other ancient sites in Jaffna. This is regarded as the cradle of Hindu culture, as well as the oldest Shiva channel in Sri Lanka.
This kovil is the subject of numerous legends. Among those, this is also regarded as a location where global friendship is developed. The original Nallur Kovil in Jaffna, on the other hand, does not exist and is thought to be a later addition.
The kovil surroundings have a wonderful open feel about it, and the interior is likewise quite lovely. The therapeutic benefits of essential oils have been known since antiquity. So, if you’re in Jaffna, don’t forget to pay a visit to Nallur Kovil. Cree. In the 15th century AD, King Bhuvanekabahu VI is reported to have made the first offering to the god Kataragama to the god Kahawath Kandaswamy.
Sri Pada (Adam's peak)
In the eighth year of Enlightenment, on the full moon day of Vesak,, at the request of Lord Sri Sumana Saman, the Supreme Buddha ascended the Samanala mountain and put the Muni Siripa sign on its blue sapphire during his third visit to Ceylon.
After placing the left Siripa sign, the Supreme Buddha, attended by 500 Arahants, came at the Sri Padasthana and resided in peace in the Divaguha.
Three courtyards make up the Sri Padasthana. In the upper courtyard, the Sri Pada sign is five feet five inches long and two feet seven inches wide. Swastika, punkalasa, sesatha, chattaraya, sangha, and chattaraya are among the 108 bride symbols in the Sri Pada symbol. On both of the Supreme Buddha’s hallowed feet, there are 216 bride signs. A statue of Saman Deva made of white sandalwood stands around one and a half feet in height in the Saman Devalaya in Sri Pada’s second courtyard.
Sri Padasthana can be worshipped in three different ways. The three major routes are Hatton Road, Ratnapura Road, and Kuruwita Road.
The Mahiyangana Dagoba is situated in the Korale’s Aluthnuwara Town Division, in the Badulla District of the Uva Province. The Mahiyangana Dagoba is a significant part of the Uva Province’s cultural legacy. Mahiyanganaya was the site of the Supreme Buddha’s first visit to Sri Lanka.
The first visit of the Supreme Buddha to Sri Lanka on the pasaloswaka paoyaday, the ninth poison of Enlightenment, took place to subdue the demons in the Mahiyanganaya area. According to the folklore, the Mahiyangana Dagoba was built at the place where the demons were subdued. Therefore, in the minds of Buddhists, the sacred place of Mahiyangana has a prominent place.
Now we are going to talk about another ancient place in the country. This is the Polonnaruwa Stone Temple (Gal viharaya). The Uttararamaya built by King Parakramabahu the Great in Polonnaruwa in the 12th century is today known as the Stone Temple.
This is a great creation with several statues carved out of a rock that is sloping on all sides. He has carved these Buddha statues on a rock without using clay or plaster.
The single black rock is divided into three parts and there is named Wijjadhara Cave, Nisinna Patima Cave, and Nipanna Patima Cave.
There are four statues in this cave.
1. Large Samadhi statue sitting
2. A small sitting Samadhi statue
3. Standing statue
4. As a sleeping or Parinirvana idol.
We can name.
The Buddha statues may now be seen outside in the stone temple, but there is evidence that they had been earlier covered by a wooden or brick public structure or little statuette dwellings.
Temple of the Tooth
Sri Dalada (Temple of the tooth) Maligawa is one of the most revered places of worship of the Buddhists. It is located in the city of Kandy. The religious value of this place is due to the fact that the left tooth relic of the Supreme Buddha is kept in the Temple of the Tooth.
During the Kandyan period (1592 to 1815) the Temple of the Tooth was located in the then existing Royal Palace Complex. Accordingly, the Temple of the Tooth was first built by King Wimaladharmasuriya First (1592 – 1604). The Temple of the Tooth built by him was destroyed by the Portuguese invaders. Then King Wimaladharmasooriya II who came to power in the year AD. Between (1687- 1707) King Wimaladharmasooriya II built a three storied building to house the Tooth Relic. King Veera Parakrama Narendrasinghe (1707-1739) laid the foundation stone for the construction of the Temple of the Tooth which we see today. The Mahavamsa states that he built a two storied Temple of the Tooth for the Tooth Relic and decorated it with two Jataka stories. After that King Keerthi Sri Rajasinghe renovated the palace. Then the last king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built the Patthirippu.
This building has also been used by the King to address the public on special occasions. The water waves wall or cloud wall is also a special architectural feature of the Temple of the Tooth.
This is about the Buddha’s third visit to Sri Lanka. Buddhists in Sri Lanka continue to visit Kelani Shrine, which was respected by Buddhists since ancient times.
At the invitation of King Maniakkhitha Na, the Buddha arrived at Kelaniya eight years after attaining Enlightenment. King Maniakkhitha had created a jeweled chair to preach the Dhamma to the Buddha at the time. According to the Sasana history of this country, built the Kelani Stupa after he had finished preaching the Dhamma.
Although King Maniakkhitha Na constructed the Kelani Stupa in the shape of a grain, King Yatalatissa expanded and completed it. As an end, the stupa’s circumference, which is 90 feet high, is now around 180 feet. The Kelani Stupa was demolished in the 13th century by the Kalinga Magha. III King Vijayabahu rebuilt this destroyed stupa.
Today I have introduced to you only a few ancient sites in Sri Lanka but there are a large number of such places in Sri Lanka that cannot be completed in a month or two. I’ve only been to these places a very small number of times. I invite every tourist to visit these places